To help you very first answer fully the question from just how anthropologists define wedding, i checked two basic anthropology texts from the collection, including:
From the messages, it turned clear one to anthropologists challenge whenever we did with respect to determining a very clear, common definition getting matrimony. For the reason that a beneficial universal meaning very will not occur: marriage is cutting-edge and you will performs of many meanings and you will diverse strategies around the world.
We will remember an effective “antique marriage” due to the fact what is obtainable between a man and you can a female; yet not, the idea of an exact same-intercourse relationship is largely maybe not a modern-day you to
It will can be found between men and you will a female, several men, a few ladies, a person and you may multiple people (polygyny), and you may a lady and you may several guys (polyandry). Polygamy are against the law inside modern America, however, polyandry and polygyny is each other experienced in other communities around the nation; yet not, polygyny is much more common. There isn’t any unmarried need to have polygyny; rather, their perspective and form are different certainly one of societies as well as in the exact same area. Particularly, in a populated community inside the Madagascar, plural spouses gamble extremely important political jobs; brand new king’s wives act as his local agencies and are generally a great means of the new king supplying the popular anybody a risk inside the government.
Also, from your browse they became evident you to relationships significantly differs inside West communities than nonindustrial societies. Into the nonindustrial societies, wedding is a way to move visitors into nearest and dearest and you can of making and you will maintaining personal and you will political associations, matchmaking away from attraction.” This is the thought of exogamy; exogamy possess adaptive well worth because it lets the couple to create more common social media sites. Marriage is much more off a team matter into the nonindustrial societies; whenever one marries a girlfriend, they also imagine loans to several in-guidelines. That is in high compare to help you marriage in the united states, where relationships is more of people count. It was shown inside my interview using my mom (Kim Gruffi); she said that ily was not really a problem on her behalf, and you may she are enthusiastic about doing a unique family unit members.
In the us, marriage depends on the theory you to definitely by way of ily and are generally meant to leave the dated family members at the rear of as they create a good new house for themselves. To a keen outsider, this should appear very uncommon: Why would the latest You.S., a nation one to prides alone into the “family members philosophy,” enable the abandonment regarding household on creation of independent property?
Simultaneously, it is critical to just remember that , this new American better off matrimony is generally ethnocentric and you may isn’t able brand new assortment away from wedding practices worldwide.
Like, there can be prevalent density out-of lady husbands or woman ong the fresh Nuer, patrilineal pastoralists regarding Sudan, a lady not able to provides students can take a beneficial “wife” just who goes into sexual interactions which have a man in order to sustain college students
A couple almost every other extremely important conditions anthropologists define when it comes to defining marriage is bridewealth and you will bride-to-be services https://datingranking.net/escort-directory/chico/. The idea of bride wealth makes up the fresh bride’s class into the loss of her companionship and you may work. it helps make the college students born into the girl full users out-of her partner’s ancestry classification. Bride-to-be services together with means the thought of compensation: among the many San/Bushmen people into the south Africa, an alternate couple normally life with or near the bride’s members of the family. To pay the newest bride’s friends to own a separate home to boost children inside first year regarding ily. From this system, wedding connections some body with the a larger circle of people having who they are responsible.